Volume 30, Issue 2 (2023)                   AIJH 2023, 30(2): 83-105 | Back to browse issues page

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nouri S A, pakzad Z, kamrani B. The Semantic Interpretation (Iconology) of Mourning Painting on the Body of Christ by Giotto with Emphasis on Incarnation Content. AIJH 2023; 30 (2) :83-105
URL: http://aijh.modares.ac.ir/article-31-54547-en.html
1- Ph.D. Student of Art Research
2- Faculty Member of Painting Faculty of Art of Alzahra University , z.pakzad@alzahra.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor and Faculty School of Visual Arts Faculty of Tehran University of Art
Abstract:   (707 Views)
One of the interpretive approaches in image studies is iconology, which describes the meaning and explanation of works. In religious arts such as in Christianity, there are many symbols and signs which refer to beliefs and traditions. One of the most important beliefs of Christianity is the incarnation of God. The purpose of this study is to study the semantics of a selected painting by Giotto, an Italian painter. In order to understand the symbolic concepts related to incarnation, the question arises as how the iconological method seeks out the signs of embodiment in a Giotto painting, and what are the effects of the artist's knowledge on painting. The method applies in the course of this research is analytical-historical, with the desired approach being iconology. Library and visual sources have taken into account in the accomplishment of this paper. In the end, it is suggested that the iconology method, while studying the face, deals with visual communication and why the work is formed based on the symbols of incarnation. Finally, for the first time in the history of art, despite the dominance of religion, Giotto used painting as an independent art based on facts and expressed incarnation with realistic concepts.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2021/08/2 | Accepted: 2022/01/27 | Published: 2023/01/3

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