Volume 27, Issue 1 (2020)                   AIJH 2020, 27(1): 1-20 | Back to browse issues page

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azari H. A Study of the Methodological Challenges of Localizing Human Rights. AIJH 2020; 27 (1) :1-20
URL: http://aijh.modares.ac.ir/article-31-36864-en.html
Assistant Professor , h.azari@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2894 Views)
For many years, the international community has focused on the globalization of human rights rather than the rights of local people. But given the limited impact of international law at domestic law in countries with different cultural and religious backgrounds, the emphasis nowadays is on the necessity of localization of human rights. The challenge between national and international laws has been controversial, which in fact challenges the implementation of international human rights law at domestic level. However human rights can be localized through redefining and reinterpreting existing global norms in line with the needs of individuals themselves at very local level, and further contribute to develop human rights, at international level. This also affects the function of international rights bodies, such as UNHCR, human rights Rapporteur, and so on. This research, by using a descriptive and analytical method, investigates how exactly the human rights abuses, at local level, should be considered global? And how are different forms of human rights abuses, at the national and local levels, affecting the universal norms of human rights? The study also explains why people's participation is necessary in the process of localizing human rights, especially when decisions are taken at very global levels that are far from accessible to the people affected by them. To do this, first, a different conceptual framework for the localization of human rights, which is accepted to the international community, is elucidated. By applying this approach, along with using the methods that show the human rights needs of local people, tries to adopt a "bottom-up" approach, and analyze the possibility of producing local human rights in the international context. The findings suggest that localizing human rights, and adopting the aforementioned approach, can provide an appropriate framework for a more effective interaction between international human rights law and the realization of human rights at the local level. It helps to redefine and reflect the needs of local people with different cultural, religious and social norms, and, on the other hand, can provide an appropriate opportunity for individuals at local level to claim their rights in accordance with international standards.
 
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2019/09/28 | Accepted: 2020/05/4 | Published: 2020/05/4

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