Volume 28, Issue 2 (2021)                   AIJH 2021, 28(2): 27-45 | Back to browse issues page

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Baseri V, HassanBeigi M. From Narrative-Based History to Historical Sociology: Explaining the Methodology of Mark Bloch. AIJH. 2021; 28 (2) :27-45
URL: http://aijh.modares.ac.ir/article-31-22092-en.html
1- Faculty of Theology, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran , vahid.ba55@yahoo.com
2- Faculty Member of the Department of History, University Arak, Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (286 Views)
Historiography throughout the nineteenth century was influenced by the two paradigms of Leopold von Ranke's "narrative" and Auguste Comte's "positivism." From his birth, Comte’s sociology took the path of separation from history. Marx, Weber, and Durkheim descended from the ivory tower of positivism and began the first convergent steps by questioning history. Marc Bloch pioneered this convergence, and his efforts and those of anal historians at the beginning of the twentieth century had a clear impact on the formation of new knowledge of historical sociology. This contemporary knowledge is not well-known and the dialogue of sociologists and historians, according to Fernand Braudel, remained the conversation of the deaf. On the other hand, the excitement of some historians in turning to sociological theories and their misuse caused them to distance themselves from the principles of historiography. The main question of this research is: What are the components of Mark Bloch's methodology in historiography? How can this methodology be used by historians? The findings of this study show:1- "Critique of narrative-oriented historiography and influenced by positivism",  2- "Extensive but conditional receipt of other knowledge" and 3- Presenting a "comparative history" forms the main components of Bloch's approach, which historians can present a more scientific and humane history by being aware of these components and examples of Bloch's research.
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2020/11/13 | Accepted: 2020/12/9 | Published: 2021/06/22

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