Volume 21, Issue 2 (2015)                   AIJH 2015, 21(2): 87-110 | Back to browse issues page

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Heydari M, Abu-Ali R. Lazarus in contemporary poems: comparative study. AIJH. 2015; 21 (2) :87-110
URL: http://aijh.modares.ac.ir/article-31-5480-en.html
Abstract:   (7557 Views)
  Connecting with the past heritage is a common phenomenon in the literature of the world. in a way that contemporary poets are inspired by it because there are affective abilities in people's conscience. One of the effects obtained from this connection is the use of traditional characters like Lazarus that is rooted in the old Christian heritage. "Lazarus in contemporary poems: comparative study" is the title of an article, which tends to study and analyze Lazarus' character and its effect in the trinity literature. Hence, some examples are chosen from Persian, English and Arabic poems. This character repeatedly emerged in Arabic poetry as in the poems of Badroshakere Sayab and Khalil Havi; however in Persian, it only could be seen once in Shamloo’s poems, and examples of it appeared in the English poetry as in Thomas Stearns Eliot’s and Sylvia Plath's poems. One of the most important results achieved from this paper is that contemporary poets have applied old symbols in their poetry in order to explore a spiritual dimension consistent with their life experience; as in the world’s literature, this experience had a poetical interaction with Lazarus’ character in the frame of symbols. Contemporary poets have added some new implications to this character, indicating their personal life experiences or social experiences of their nation in the severe political, social or cultural crises. Implications include new life, false resurrection, deceit and despair in Arabic poetry; death of humanity and irresponsibility in Persian poetry; and disappointment and liking death because it is a sort of re:union: and eternality in English poetry. This study has been done according to descriptive-analytical approach, and attempt to compare Lazarus in the Thrinity literature.
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Received: 2013/05/5 | Accepted: 2014/07/23 | Published: 2014/12/22

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